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Scrubs and peels – a simple recipe for young skin

Smooth and supple skin is what many woman dream about. If you want to live the dream, you need proper, multi-stage care. An important part of your skincare is regular exfoliation. And for this purpose we use various types of peeling. Can it become a solution which will help you make your complexion radiant and wrinkle-free?

The skin constantly undergoes renewal and regeneration processes. As a result, on the surface of the skin a layer of dead, exfoliated epidermis is formed. If you want your skin to function properly and look healthily, you need to get rid of it. Exfoliants helps remove dead epidermis. What are the mechanisms behind this process? What actually is an exfoliant?

Types of exfoliants

There are many varieties of exfoliants. They differ in form and their mechanism of action. Each type of an exfoliant has been designed for a different type of complexion, so you might want to learn more about them, to see which one can work wonders with your face, and which one can cause more harm than good.

Mechanical scrubs

It is a cosmetic procedure, which consists in exfoliating the epidermis with the use of appropriate products and devices. The most popular variety of mechanical scrubs are fine-grained and thick-grained scrubs, which can be found in drug stores. They have the form of an emulsion, containing sharp particles. By applying them on your face with gentle circular movements, you clear away dead skin cells.

This type of an exfoliant is recommended for normal to oily skin. But it should not be used by people with sensitive skin or skin diseases, such as acne vulgaris or rosacea.

Mechanical exfoliation techniques also include treatments, which can be performed at a beauty salon, such as cavitation peeling and microdermabrasion.

Cavitation peeling is performed by using ultrasounds. It consists in using a device emitting ultrasounds. When ultrasounds are directed onto moistened facial skin, this leads to the creation of micro-bubbles, which then suddenly burst. In this way, dead skin cells are removed.

Cavitation peeling is recommended above all to women with oily skin, struggling with enlarged pores, blackheads and pimples.

Microdermabrasia is a treatment involving the use of a special head, which emits a stream of microcrystals onto the skin. Moving with precision and at high speed, the crystals remove dead skin cells. There are several different types of microdermabrasion – the most popular are diamond microdermabrasion, suitable for sensitive and delicate skin, and corundum microdermabrasion, used on oily skin with impurities.

Chemical peels

The mechanism of action of chemical peels is based on chemical substances included in them, which dissolve dead skin cells.

Chemical peels includeenzymatic peels and gommage peels. How does an enzymatic peel work? Most often such a peel contains vegetable enzymes – papain and bromelain, which are responsible for exfoliating the skin. This type of a peel is applied onto cleansed facial skin like a mask. Then you need to wait for several minutes so that enzymes can start taking effect. After this time, you need to rinse the peel with lukewarm water, without the need to rub the skin.

Enzymatic peels are recommended for women with sensitive and delicate skin because they do not cause irritation and reddening. This type of a peel is also recommended for couperose skin, in the case of which mechanical scrubs can be too invasive.

Gommage peel has a similar principle of action as a traditional enzymatic peel. You need to apply it on your face, wait a moment, and then gently wipe the solidified emulsion off with circular movements. The product will start to roll on your skin, along with dead skin cells. Gommage peel is also a great option for sensitive skin – it effectively cleanses the skin, without causing irritation.

Natural and home-made scrubs

Simple scrubs based on natural ingredients can also be prepared on your own at home. How to make a facial scrub? A real hit of home care is sugar scrub – simply mix 2 tablespoons of sugar with olive oil, apply it on your face, do a facial massage, and then rinse it off with warm water. Another interesting option is a scrub prepared with the use of coffee and honey. To make it, you need to mix a tablespoon of ground coffee, a spoonful of honey and a spoonful of coconut oil. Apply the mixture prepared in this way on your face, massaging it for a while, then leave it on for a few minutes and eventually rinse it off.

Exfoliants – effects

Regular use of various exfoliation techniques will make your skin smooth and radiant. An exfoliant will help you get rid of dry skin or hyperpigmentation, and will also reduce facial lines. Use it to make your skin look younger and more supple.

Each woman who wants to effectively and comprehensively take care of her skin should include exfoliants in her skincare. Regular exfoliation is one of the best ways to get silky smooth skin.